|Memorial .||Cement House Cemetery||XVIII. D. 1-16.|
Awards & Titles:
CAPTAIN JONATHAN EDWARD KNOWLES, 4th BATTN. DUKE OF CAMBRIDGE'S OWN (MIDDLESEX REGIMENT) Born on the 21st May, 1882, at Sandgate, Queensland, Australia, and was the son of the late Edward Sugden Knowles and Mrs. Knowles, of Hawdon near Leeds. Captain Knowles was educated at Bradford Grammar School Yorkshire. He originally held a commission in the 2nd West Yorkshire Volunteer Battalion, and served with the 4th Durham Light Infantry (Militia) in the South African War, in 1902. He was present at operations in the Orange River and Cape Colonies, receiving the Queen's medal with three clasps. In 1903 he obtained a commission in the 1st Middlesex Regiment (long known as the Die Hards), becoming Lieutenant in January 1906, and being promoted into the 4th Battalion as Captain in February, 1914. He embarked for active service with his battalion on the 13th August, 1914, and fell at Mons on Sunday, the 23rd August, 1914, while cheering and encouraging his men with great bravery. He fell with brother officer and Freemason Capt Kenneth James ROY of Albert Victor Lodge 2328. An account tell us that the attack on the Middlesex position began about 10.30 in the morning of Sunday, August 23, with a heavy artillery fire, which had lasted some while before the German infantry began to advance, disregarding all cover and firing erratically from the hip. Our men were well placed and protected, and offered a stubborn defence against desperate odds. Major Davy's company on the left was hard pressed, and its commander was wounded early in the day. As Major Abell with his company came up to its support he was shot down, as also were Captain Knowles and 2nd Lieut. Henstock. A third of this company fell in the advance ; but the rest reached their comrades in the firing-line, and for the time made the trenches in this part secure. The centre of the Middlesex line was held by Captain Oliver's company, who from a well-concealed trench took a heavy toll from the enemy, peppering away for all they were worth as if at manoeuvres. Here, also, as the day wore on, the pressure became severe, and two companies of the Royal Irish were brought up in support. On the right, at Obourg bridge, Captain Roy had been killed, and Captain Glass was wounded. Captain Knowles was a very keen sportsman, a very good shot with the rifle, obtaining many good heads in India and Burma and was also keen on regimental sports. He married Viva Brabazon Bagot, granddaughter of the late Colonel Charles Oldfield and left three children: Nina Mary, born 1910; Viva Joan, born 1912: and Jonathan Maynard, born 1913.
Family :Son of Edward Sugden Knowles and Frances Mary Knowles, of Rawdon, Leeds; husband of Viva Brabazon Knowles, of Whitehill Chase, Bordon, Hants.
Served in the South African War. One of the first British officer battle casualties of the war (originally buried in Maisieres Communal Cemetery).
23 - 24 August 1914. The BEF had its first encounter with the German Army at Mons. Using the defensive barrier of the Mons Conde Canal the BEF was able to delay the German advance partly through the accuracy and speed of its rifle fire, and partly through the heroism of individuals. The first VC?s of the war were awarded at Mons. Eventually the position at Mons became untenable and the BEF slipped away to start its long retreat to the Marne.
|Type||Lodge Name and No.||Province/District :|
|Mother :||Pentalpha No. 974 E.C.||Yorkshire (West Riding)|
The project globally acknowledges the following as sources of information for research across the whole database:
- The Commonwealth War Graves Commission
- The (UK) National Archives
- Ancestry.co.uk - Genealogy, Family Trees & Family History online
- ugle.org.uk - The records of the United Grand Lodge of England including the Library and Museum of Freemasonry
- Book : 1921 - Masonic Roll of Honour 1914-1918 - Oxford University Press
- Document : 1933 - Masonic Roll of Honour - Freemasons' Hall Vestibule - United Grand Lodge of England