|1. Grave:||Tanga Memorial Cemetery|
Awards & Titles:
Early Life :Son of Andrew and Catherine Knowles, of Newent Court, Gloucester; husband of Margaret Mary Brooks Wise (formerly Knowles).
|Unit / Ship / Est.: Indian Army Reserve of Officers|
|Action : Africa|
The East African Campaign was a series of battles and guerrilla actions which started in German East Africa (now Tanzania) and ultimately impacted portions of Mozambique, Northern Rhodesia, British East Africa, Uganda, and the Belgian Congo. The German colonial forces, led by Lieutenant Colonel Paul Emil von Lettow-Vorbeck, skillfully fought for the duration of World War I and surrendered only after that war had ended. Other campaigns were conducted in West and South West Africa.
Dulwich College: "Born on January 10th 1885 in Gloucestershire, Andrew was the son of Catherine Knowles, originally Catherine Brooks, and her husband, also named Andrew. He came to the College in 1898, and during his six years at Dulwich was a boarder in Ivyholme. In the summer of 1903 he was in the cricket 1st XI, and the following year, his final one, he captained the side, as well as being Head of Ivyholme. From school he went on to Lincoln College, Oxford, entering with a Classical Scholarship, and graduating in 1908 with a 2nd Class in Literae Humaniores. From Oxford he joined the Indian Civil Service and was posted to the North West Provinces as well as spending time at Jubbulpore, now known as Jabalpur in the state of Madhya Pradesh.
When war was declared Andrew was at first prevented from serving outside of India, because of his position as a member of the I.C.S. As a result he joined the Indian Army Reserve of Officers, and served for a time on the North-West Frontier, attached to the Corps of Guides. By March 1916 the rule had been relaxed, and that month he was sent to German East Africa attached to the 17th Cavalry. That summer, on June 11th, he was killed in action whilst leading his men in an advance near Lukhomo – an action for which he was later personally commended by General Smuts. He was survived by his widow, Catherine."
The portrait image is from Dulwich College, in his younger days.
Wisden on the Great War "2ND LT ANDREW BROOKS KNOWLES (Reserve of Officers attached to Indian Cavalry), killed on June 11, aged 31, was in the Dulwich College Eleven in 1903 and 1904... He is one of 29 WW1 casualties buried in the European (sic) Cemetery at Tanga, which is a port halfway between Mombasa and Dar-es-Salaam. Tanganyika was the core of German East Africa, and Tanga was eventually occupied by Commonwealth naval and military forces on July 7, 1916."
|Type||Lodge Name and No.||Province/District :|
|Mother :||Apollo University No. 357 E.C.||Oxfordshire|
9th February 1909
9th March 1909
1st June 1909
Initiated 1909 whilst graduate of Lincoln College, Oxford University, aged 24.
The project globally acknowledges the following as sources of information for research across the whole database:
- The Commonwealth War Graves Commission
- The (UK) National Archives
- Ancestry.co.uk - Genealogy, Family Trees & Family History online
- ugle.org.uk - The records of the United Grand Lodge of England including the Library and Museum of Freemasonry
- Founder Researchers : Paul Masters & Mike McCarthy
- Researcher : Bruce Littley
Researcher : Barrie Friend