|1. Book:||Beyond The Five Points||Pgs 135-136|
Awards & Titles:
|Victoria Cross |
Early Life :William John English VC (6 October 1882 – 4 July 1941) was an Irish born recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Education & Career :
English was educated at Harvey Grammar School in Folkstone, Kent from 1894 to 1898 and Campbell College, Belfast from 1898 to 1899.
- The Second Anglo-Boer War 1899-1902, South Africa.
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Following the end of the war, he went to the United Kingdom and received the decoration in person from the Prince of Wales during a large coronation parade of colonial troops in London on 1 July 1902.
He was commissioned in the Royal Army Service Corps in 1906 from the 2nd Dragoon Guards. He later achieved the rank of lieutenant colonel. He saw action in three major wars (Second Boer War, World War I and World War II. He died of a cerebral haemorrhage, on board a ship near Egypt, on active service with the Royal Ulster Rifles in 1941. He is buried in Maala Cemetery, Aden (now Yemen).
During WW2 English was offered a role, which he refused to accept. Taking the position would have demanded the retirement of an old friend. Instead, he chose to undertake an unknown appointment in the Middle East and embarked for North Africa by sea. This flew in the face of all medical advice, which stated he should not travel to a hot climate. Those who observed his departure for North Africa noted his light-hearted good humour.
This was to be William John English’s final war effort. He died at sea on board a vessel near Egypt on 4th July 1941. His death came only 71 days after finishing with 6th Battalion Royal Ulster Rifles in Northern Ireland. The given cause of death was a cerebral haemorrhage.
Citations & Commemorations :VC Citation:
This Officer with five men was holding the right of a position at Vlakfontein on the 3rd July, 1901, during an attack by the Boers. Two of his men were killed and two wounded, but the position was still held, largely owing to Lieutenant English's personal pluck. When the ammunition ran short he went over to the next party and obtained more; to do this he had to cross some 15 yards of open ground under a heavy fire at a range of from 20 to 30 yards.
His medal group (including the VC) was bequeathed to his former school, Campbell College, Belfast. His medals included the Queen's South Africa Medal and 5 Bars (Cape Colony, Orange Free State, Transvaal, South Africa 1901 and South Africa 1902), 1914 Star with Ribbon Bar (5 August to 22 November 1914), British War Medal, Victory Medal, 1939-45 Star, Africa Star, 1939-45 War Medal, King Edward VII Coronation Medal (with Military Ribbon), King George VI Coronation Medal.
The medal group has been lent by their owners, Campbell College, for a 10-year period, from 2010, to the Imperial War Museum, London as part of their Victoria Cross and George Cross Collection.
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The project globally acknowledges the following as sources of information for research across the whole database:
- The Commonwealth War Graves Commission
- The (UK) National Archives
- Ancestry.co.uk - Genealogy, Family Trees & Family History online
- ugle.org.uk - The records of the United Grand Lodge of England including the Library and Museum of Freemasonry
- Founder Researchers : Paul Masters & Mike McCarthy
- Researcher : Bruce Littley