|1. Memorial:||Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial||Panel 45 and 47. Flanders|
Awards & Titles:
Family :Husband of Lilian Costin, of 53, Albert St., Whitstable, Kent.
- The First World War 1914-1918, World-wide.
|Unit :||10th Battalion Queen's Own (Royal West Kent Regiment)|
|Action :||The Battles of Ypres 1917 (Third Ypres, or Passchendaele)|
Sergeant with the 2nd Battalion Duke of Cornwall's LI (ex 32nd Regiment / 46th Foot (1911)
31 July - 10 November 1917. By the summer of 1917 the British Army was able for the first time to fight on its chosen ground on its terms. Having secured the southern ridges of Ypres at Messines in June, the main attack started on 31st July 1917 accompanied by what seemed like incessant heavy rain, which coupled with the artillery barrages conspired to turn much of the battlefield into a bog. Initial failure prompted changes in the high command and a strategy evolved to take the ring of ridges running across the Ypres salient in a series of 'bite and hold' operations, finally culminating in the capture of the most easterly ridge on which sat the infamous village of Passchendaele. The Official History carries the footnote ?The clerk power to investigate the exact losses was not available? but estimates of British casualties range from the official figure of 244,000 to almost 400,000. Within five months the Germans pushed the British back to the starting line, which was where they had been since May 1915.
|Type||Lodge Name and No.||Province/District :|
|Mother :||Dominica No. 174 I.C.||Down|
|Joined :||Royal Military No. 1449 E.C.||East Kent|
17th March 1911
21st April 1911
15th September 1911
Joined Royal Military Lodge No. 1449 from Dominica Lodge 174 in the Irish Constitution on the 13th October 1913.
The project globally acknowledges the following as sources of information for research across the whole database:
- The Commonwealth War Graves Commission
- The (UK) National Archives
- Ancestry.co.uk - Genealogy, Family Trees & Family History online
- ugle.org.uk - The records of the United Grand Lodge of England including the Library and Museum of Freemasonry
Book : 1921 - Masonic Roll of Honour 1914-1918 - Oxford Univ. Press Document : 1933 - Masonic Roll of Honour - Freemasons' Hall Vestibule - United Grand Lodge of England
Last Updated: 2017-10-07 14:58:12