|1. Memorial:||Lone Pine Memorial||75|
|2. Book:||The (1921) Masonic Roll of Honour 1914-1918||Pg.123|
|3. Memorial:||The (1940) Scroll - WW1 Roll of Honour||28D GQS|
Awards & Titles:
Family :Son of Mary Gray, of 808E, Havelock Rd., Hastings, Napier, and the late Ebenezer Gray.
Education & Career :
Schoolmaster, Palmerston (1911).
- The First World War 1914-1918, World-wide.
|Unit :||Wellington Regiment N.Z.E.F.|
2nd Lieutenant James Hawthorne GRAY, Wellington Battalion, NZEF. Born Otane, Hawkes Bay, NZ. Single; School Teacher / Instructor, Technical School, of 44 Main Street East, Palmerston North, New Zealand. Next of kin: Father; Ebeneezer Gray. Mother; Mary Gray, of 708 Havelock Road, Hastings, Napier, New Zealand. Died of wounds at Sea: HMHS Southland, on 9 May 1915, aged 31. No Known Grave.
The Gallipoli Campaign was fought on the Gallipoli peninsula 25th April 1915 to 9th January 1916. in a failed attempt to defeat Turkey by seizing the Dardanelles and capturing Istanbul. Ill-conceived and planned, the initial effort by the Royal Navy failed to force passage through the Dardanelles by sea power alone. It was then realised that a land force was needed to support the project by suppressing the Turkish mobile artillery batteries. By the time all was ready the Turks were well aware and well prepared. Despite amazing heroics on the day of the landings only minor beachheads were achieved and over the succeeding 8 months little progress was made. Eventually the beachheads were evacuated in a series of successful ruses.
Despite Gallipoli rightly becoming a national source of pride to Australians and New Zealanders, far more British casualties were sustained, and these days the substantial French contribution is almost forgotten.
|Type||Lodge Name and No.||Province/District :|
|Mother :||United Manawatu No. 1721 E.C.||New Zealand (North Island)|
11th August 1911
8th September 1911
2nd February 1912
The project globally acknowledges the following as sources of information for research across the whole database:
- The Commonwealth War Graves Commission
- The (UK) National Archives
- Ancestry.co.uk - Genealogy, Family Trees & Family History online
- ugle.org.uk - The records of the United Grand Lodge of England including the Library and Museum of Freemasonry
- Researcher : Bruce Littley