|1. Grave:||Baghdad (North Gate) War Cemetery||X. G. 7.|
Awards & Titles:
|1914-15 Star |
British War Medal
- The First World War 1914-1918, World-wide.
|Unit / Ship / Est.: 69th Brigade B Battery RFA|
|Action : Mesopotamia|
At the outbreak of war the British, together with Indian troops, resolved to protect oil supply in the region by occupying the area around Basra at Abadan. This evolved into a series of campaigns towards Baghdad against the Turkish forces as Mesopotamia (modern Iraq) was part of the Ottoman Empire. Meetings in late 1914 and into 1915 led the Viceroy and Indian government at Simla to reconsider the limited involvement of troops and they decided to order further advances with a view to securing the Shatt-al-Hai, a canal connecting the Tigris and Euphrates river and potentially capturing Baghdad. The British government disagreed and wished to conserve forces for the Western front. The Viceroy was given permission to act as it wished, but told in no uncertain terms that no reinforcements should be expected.
The initial success experienced by the British and Indian forces quickly disintegrated in the face of Ottoman opposition. The Siege of Kut-Al-Amara began on 7th December with the besieging of an 8,000 strong British-Indian garrison in the town of Kut, 100 miles south of Baghdad, by the Ottoman Army. These campaigns produced few tactical benefits, indeed the catastrophic defeat at Kut in 1916 was a major setback. Badhdad was eventually taken in March 1917.
The conditions in Mesopotamia were dreadful. The climate, sickness and disease produced large losses in addition to battle casualties. About as many men died of disease as were killed in action. The Mesopotamia front was part of a strategy hoping for success at lower cost than the Western Front but no decisive victory was achieved.
91956 Sergeant George Davey Kelley, B Battery, 69th Brigade, Royal Field Artillery.
Probate KELLEY George Davey of 70 Cecil-street Greenheys Manchester sergeant B69th brigade Royal Field Artillery died 25 May 1917 at 16th casualty clearing station Mesopotamia Probate Manchester 25 March to Lucy Frances Davies (wife of Kenneth Norman Davies) and Rosa Davies (wife of Herbert Vaughan Davies). Effects £452 6s. 7d.
|Type||Lodge Name and No.||Province/District :|
|Mother :||Lodge of Affability with Villiers No. 317 E.C.||East Lancashire|
6th March 1913
3rd April 1913
1st May 1913
Listed as a 32 year old Assayer from Manchester at the time of initiation into Lodge of Affability No. 317 in 1913. War service is recorded in the contribution record closed out by "Died 25th May 1917."
The project globally acknowledges the following as sources of information for research across the whole database:
- The Commonwealth War Graves Commission
- The (UK) National Archives
- Ancestry.co.uk - Genealogy, Family Trees & Family History online
- ugle.org.uk - The records of the United Grand Lodge of England including the Library and Museum of Freemasonry
- Founder Researchers : Paul Masters & Mike McCarthy
- Researcher : Bruce Littley