|1. Memorial:||Loos Memorial||Loos|
|2. Book:||The (1921) Masonic Roll of Honour 1914-1918||Pg.130|
|3. Memorial:||The (1940) Scroll - WW1 Roll of Honour||8A GQS|
Awards & Titles:
|Member of Parliament |
Family :See PARNELL, the true family name. 5th Baron Congleton. Eldest son of the late Major General Henry, 4th Baron Congleton, C.B., and Baroness Congleton
He was the eldest son of Charles William Mills, 2nd Baron Hillingdon (1855-1919) who served as Conservative MP for Sevenoaks, 1885-1892 and his wife Alice Harbord. He had a younger brother, Arthur Robert Mills.
His brother Arthur Mills succeeded him as MP for Uxbridge.
Education & Career :
Mills was educated at New Beacon preparatory school, Eton and Magdalen College, Oxford. While at university he was a keen sportsman, representing Oxford in the varsity golf matches, 1907 and 1908. He took his degree in 1908.
The Hon Charles Thomas Mills (13 March 1887 - 6 October 1915) was Conservative MP for the Uxbridge Division of Middlesex elected in 1910.
Mills entered parliament with a resounding majority, as the conservative member representing Uxbridge. For his first two years in that office, he was the youngest member, known as the ‘Baby of the House’.
He was an active parliamentarian, speaking frequently on varied matters, including women’s suffrage, which he staunchly opposed in a speech in 1910. When asked how he managed to juggle his duties as a politician and a banker, he explained that he worked 14-hour days; all day at the bank and then all evening in parliament.
He continued to represent Uxbridge until his death.
The Mills family business was banking. Since 1793, members of the family – including Charles Thomas Mills’ father, grandfather and great-grandfather – had been partners in the London banking firm Glyn, Mills & Co.
In 1907 Charles Thomas Mills’ father was forced to retire from the business due to ill health. At that time 20-year-old Charles Thomas was still pursuing his education, but soon afterwards, in 1910, he continued the family tradition by going to work for Glyn, Mills & Co (now RBS/NatWest).
Despite onerous outside commitments he was actively involved in day-to-day business at the bank. One account fondly recalled the renown he had won with the bank’s clerks in an incident in which he had chased a thief out of the bank, finally stopping him by dragging him to the pavement in Lombard Street.
- The First World War 1914-1918, World-wide.
|Unit / Ship / Est.: 2/Scots Guards|
2nd Battalion August 1914 : at Tower of London. September 1914 : attached to 20th Brigade, 7th Division. 9 August 1915 : transferred to 3rd Guards Brigade, Guards Division
|Action : The Battle of Loos and associated actions|
"The Battle of Loos (25 September to 18 October 1915) was the major battle on the Western Front in 1915, surpassing in every respect all that had gone before in terms of numbers of men and materiel committed to battle. The preliminary bombardment was the most violent to date and the battle was charaterised by the committment of Regular and Territorial battalions on a large scale, in which the Territorials performed just as well as the Regulars. As the battles on the Western Front in 1915 increased in size and violence, so the casualties increased in proportion: Neuve Chapelle 12,000, Aubers Ridge/Festubert 29,000 , Loos 60,000. 1916 was to take the casualty cost to another level. Loos was intended as a minor role in support of French efforts around Arras but circumstances reduced the French effort. It marked the first use of poison gas by the British. Once the initial assualt had failed the battle continued in a series of actions mostly focused on the northern sector around the tactically important Hohenzollern Redoubt."
Just before his regiment departed for France in June 1915 he was given a send-off by friends and colleagues in his constituency, at which he remarked: ‘I hope you will be good enough to think of me while I am away. I hope that you will pray that, above all things, I shall do my duty, very humbly it may be, and bring no disgrace upon you and upon my friends down here.’
In September 1915 he spent a week on leave at home, to see off his younger brother Arthur, who was about to depart for the Dardenelles with the West Kent Yeomanry.
On 6 October 1915, during the Battle of Loos, he was struck in the head and killed by a piece of shrapnel.
Charles Thomas Mills was the sixth member of parliament to die on active service during the First World War, and one of four who died in a single fortnight. He is commemorated on the Loos Memorial, France; the Private Banks Cricket and Athletic Club war memorial, Catford, London; the Glyn, Mills & Co war memorial, London; and in the book of remembrance in the House of Commons Library.
|Type||Lodge Name and No.||Province/District :|
|Mother :||Apollo University No. 357 E.C.||Oxfordshire|
|Joined :||Royal Union No. 382 E.C.||Middlesex|
|Joined :||Hillingdon No. 3174 E.C.||Middlesex|
24th November 1908
4th March 1909
26th October 1911
Initiate of Apollo Lodge No. 357 in 1908. He is shown as "Killed in Action 1915." He joined Royal Union Lodge No. 382 at Uxbridge where his war service is recorded together with the end comment "Killed in action Sept 1915." Further joined the Hillingdon Lodge No. 3174 in 1910, where he is listed as a Member of Parliament resident at Uxbridge.
The project globally acknowledges the following as sources of information for research across the whole database:
- The Commonwealth War Graves Commission
- The (UK) National Archives
- Ancestry.co.uk - Genealogy, Family Trees & Family History online
- ugle.org.uk - The records of the United Grand Lodge of England including the Library and Museum of Freemasonry
- Founder Researchers : Paul Masters & Mike McCarthy
- Researcher : Bruce Littley
Researcher : Tom Hawley