|Memorial .||Helles Memorial||Panel 58 to 72 or 218 to 219.|
Awards & Titles:
|Victoria Cross |
British War Medal
Allied Victory Medal
Africa General Service Medal
BROMLEY, Cuthbert, Major, 1/Lancashire Fusiliers Cuthbert BROMLEY was born in Seaford, Sussex, the son of Sir John and Lady Bromley. He joined the Army, gaining a commission in the 1st Battalion of the Lancashire Fusiliers after a stint in the 3rd King's Liverpool Regiment, a militia unit. He saw service in West Africa and India. Bromley was awarded the V.C. for action during the landings at W Beach during the Gallipoli Campaign, April 25, 1915, one of the group known in the press as 'The Six V.C.s Before Breakfast' (the others were Capt. R.R. Willis; Sgts. A. Richards and F.E. Stubbs; L/Cpl. Grimshaw; and Pte. W. Kennealy). Bromley's citation read: 'On the 25th April, 1915, headquarters and three companies of the 1st Battalion, Lancashire Fusiliers in effecting a landing on the Gallipoli Peninsula to the West of Cape Helles, were met by very deadly fire from hidden machine guns, which caused a great number of casualties. The survivors, however, rushed up to and cut the wire entanglements, notwithstanding the terrific fire from the enemy, and after overcoming supreme difficulties, the cliffs were gained and the position maintained. Amongst the many very gallant officers and men engaged in this most hazardous undertaking, Captain Bromley, Serjeant Stubbs, and Corporal Grimshaw have been selected by their comrades as having performed the most single acts of bravery and devotion to duty.' (The citation for Bromley, Stubbs, and Grimshaw was not issued until March 15, 1917, due to War Office regulations and red tape; the citation for Willis, Richards, and Kennealy, worded identically, had been issued on August 23, 1915.) Bromley injured his back in the action at W Beach but did not seek medical attention until wounded by a bullet in the knee on April 28. He was wounded again while in temporary command of the 1st Battalion (with promotion to Major) during the Battle of Gully Ravine on June 28. This time he was evacuated to Egypt to recover, and in August begged his way aboard the troopship Royal Edward to return to the Gallipoli peninsula. On the morning of 13 August, Royal Edward passed the British hospital ship Soudan, which was headed in the opposite direction. Oberleutnant zur See Heino von Heimburg on the German submarine UB-14 was off the island of Kandeloussa and saw both ships. Von Heimburg, seeing the properly identified hospital ship, allowed Soudan to pass unmolested, but soon focused his attention on the unescorted Royal Edward some 6 nautical miles (11 km) off Kandeloussa. Von Heimburg launched one of UB-14's two torpedoes from a about a mile (2 km) away and hit Royal Edward in the stern. The ship sank by the stern within six minutes. Royal Edward's crew was able to get off an SOS before losing power. Soudan, after making a 180 degree turn, arrived on the scene at 10:00 and was able to rescue 440 men over the next six hours. Two French destroyers and some trawlers that responded were able to rescue another 221. According to authors James Wise and Scott Baron, Royal Edward's death toll was 935 and was as high as it was, they contend, because Royal Edward had just completed a boat drill and the majority of the men were belowdecks re-stowing their equipment. Some other sources report different numbers of casualties, ranging from 132 on the low end, to 1,386, to 1,865 on the upper end. Cuthbert Bromley was one of the dead. His body was never recovered. His V.C. medal is privately held. Geoffrey Moorhouse has the following in his book 'Hell's Foundations: A town, Its myths & Gallipoli' The names were given to Wolley-Dod by the commanding officer of the 1st Battalion, Major H. O. Bishop, and in addition to those of Willis, Richards, and Keneally, they included Captain Cuthbert Bromley, Sergeant Frank Stubbs and Lance-Corporal John Grimshaw. Major Bishop nominated the six after consulting the officers who happened to be with him at the time and did not include either of the officers awarded the cross. When the Secretary of Mooltan Lodge sent his return to Grand Lodge in London for 1915 he included Cuthbert Bromley at his then known rank of Captain. As Bromley was not awarded the VC until 1917 it seems likely that the Secretary was not aware of the award and when the Masonic Roll of Honour was compiled it included no mention of the VC. He was one of 12 English freemasons who were VC winners and who were killed in the Great War. The others were NORWOOD, CARTER, WATSON, DIMMER, REYNOLDS, McNAIR, COLLINGS-WELLS, LUMSDEN, NELSON, HALLOWES & HARTLEY. Sources: London Gazette 'Hell's Foundations: A town, Its myths & Gallipoli' - Moorhouse
Family :Son of the late Sir John Bromley, C.B., and of Lady Bromley, of Sutton Corner, Seaford, Sussex.
Action : Gallipoli
The Gallipoli Campaign was fought on the Gallipoli peninsula 25th April 1915 to 9th January 1916. in a failed attempt to defeat Turkey by seizing the Dardanelles and capturing Istanbul. Ill-conceived and planned, the initial effort by the Royal Navy failed to force passage through the Dardanelles by sea power alone. It was then realised that a land force was needed to support the project by suppressing the Turkish mobile artillery batteries. By the time all was ready the Turks were well aware and well prepared. Despite amazing heroics on the day of the landings only minor beachheads were achieved and over the succeeding 8 months little progress was made. Eventually the beachheads were evacuated in a series of successful ruses.
Despite Gallipoli rightly becoming a national source of pride to Australians and New Zealanders, far more British casualties were sustained, and these days the substantial French contribution is almost forgotten.
|Type||Lodge Name and No.||Province/District :|
|Mother :||Invicta No. 2440 E.C.||Bengal|
|Joined :||Mooltan No. 1307 E.C.||Bengal|
19th July 1909
16th August 1909
20th September 1909
Initiated into Freemasonry at Chakrata in 1909, at Invicta Lodge No. 2440. He resigned from Invicta 30th April 1910 and concurrently joined Mooltan Lodge 12th April 1910 and resigned 31st March 1911.
The project globally acknowledges the following as sources of information for research across the whole database:
- The Commonwealth War Graves Commission
- The (UK) National Archives
- Ancestry.co.uk - Genealogy, Family Trees & Family History online
- ugle.org.uk - The records of the United Grand Lodge of England including the Library and Museum of Freemasonry
- Book : 1921 - Masonic Roll of Honour 1914-1918 - Oxford University Press
- Document : 1933 - Masonic Roll of Honour - Freemasons' Hall Vestibule - United Grand Lodge of England