Awards & Titles:
Education & Career :Jesus College, Cambridge (1908).
Unit : Not Yet Known
Action : Gallipoli
Probate shows: COLES, Crewe of Stonehouse, Bishops Hall, Taunton, Somersetshire. Second-Lieutenant, East Lancashire Fusiliers, died 4 June 1915 in Gallipoli, killed in action. Administration London, 12 October to Charles Edward Coles, esquire. Effects £447 9s. 9d.
Recorded on the Helles Memorial, Gallipoli.
The Gallipoli Campaign was fought on the Gallipoli peninsula 25th April 1915 to 9th January 1916. in a failed attempt to defeat Turkey by seizing the Dardanelles and capturing Istanbul. Ill-conceived and planned, the initial effort by the Royal Navy failed to force passage through the Dardanelles by sea power alone. It was then realised that a land force was needed to support the project by suppressing the Turkish mobile artillery batteries. By the time all was ready the Turks were well aware and well prepared. Despite amazing heroics on the day of the landings only minor beachheads were achieved and over the succeeding 8 months little progress was made. Eventually the beachheads were evacuated in a series of successful ruses.
Despite Gallipoli rightly becoming a national source of pride to Australians and New Zealanders, far more British casualties were sustained, and these days the substantial French contribution is almost forgotten.
|Type||Lodge Name and No.||Province/District :|
|Mother :||Isaac Newton University No. 859 E.C.||Cambridgeshire|
|Joined :||Grecia No. 1105 E.C.||London|
24th November 1908
2nd March 1909
This entry was originally for Clifford Whatley Crewe but there are no records for him in Grecia register. However, there did exist the name "Crewe" but as a Forename for Coles, who is listed as having been "Killed in Action June 1915" Crewe Coles joined Grecia Lodge from Isaac Newton Lodge No. 859 on the 7th April 1914 and probably resigned around 1910.
The project globally acknowledges the following as sources of information for research across the whole database:
- The Commonwealth War Graves Commission
- The (UK) National Archives
- Ancestry.co.uk - Genealogy, Family Trees & Family History online
- ugle.org.uk - The records of the United Grand Lodge of England including the Library and Museum of Freemasonry
- Book : 1921 - Masonic Roll of Honour 1914-1918 - Oxford University Press