|1. Book:||The (1921) Masonic Roll of Honour 1914-1918|
Awards & Titles:
Education & Career :
He was educated at Cheam School, Wellington School and Jesus College, Cambridge from 1907. He became a Freemason in 1908 whilst he was studying. He took his B.A. in 1910. He was an oarsman and athlete.
- The First World War 1914-1918, World-wide.
|Unit :||4th Battalion East Lancashire Regiment|
IWM Collection. Ref: HU120179: "2nd LIEUTENANT CREWE COLES, 1/4th BATTN. (TERRIT.) THE EAST LANCASHIRE REGIMENT, born on the 10th March, 1889, was the thir son of Coles Pacha, C.M.G., late Inspector General of Prisons, Egypt, and of Mrs. Coles, Stone House, Bishop's Hull, Taunton. He was educated at Jesus College, Cambridge, where he rowed in his college boat (Jesus I) head of the river in the Lent races. He was gazetted to the Territorial Force in February, 1915, and at once undertook Imperial Service obligations. 2nd Lieutenant Coles was killed in action with the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force on the 4th June, 1915, being shot while leading his mean in an attack on the Turkish trenches in front of Krithia. The Brigadier-General, 126th Brigade, 42nd Division wrote "He behaved with great gallantry and was conspicuous throughout this action ... I had marked him down for special mention."
A separate but similar account of the Brigadier-General, commanding the 126th Brigade shows, " I personally held the highest opinion of him and his capabilities. He behaved with great gallantry and was conspicuous throughout this action. He led his men gallantly, and they followed him. He was amongst the troops of this division who reached bang up to and itno the enemy's rear-most trenches. In fact, I am told that a portion of the attack reached Krithia, but owing to other parts of the attack not being able to get as far, they had to fall back to the general line. His Colonel and the regiment deeply regret his loss, as I do. I had marked him down for special mention. Gallipoli June 27th."
Probate shows: COLES, Crewe of Stonehouse, Bishops Hall, Taunton, Somersetshire. Second-Lieutenant, East Lancashire Fusiliers, died 4 June 1915 in Gallipoli, killed in action. Administration London, 12 October to Charles Edward Coles, esquire. Effects £447 9s. 9d.
Recorded on the Helles Memorial, Gallipoli.
The Gallipoli Campaign was fought on the Gallipoli peninsula 25th April 1915 to 9th January 1916. in a failed attempt to defeat Turkey by seizing the Dardanelles and capturing Istanbul. Ill-conceived and planned, the initial effort by the Royal Navy failed to force passage through the Dardanelles by sea power alone. It was then realised that a land force was needed to support the project by suppressing the Turkish mobile artillery batteries. By the time all was ready the Turks were well aware and well prepared. Despite amazing heroics on the day of the landings only minor beachheads were achieved and over the succeeding 8 months little progress was made. Eventually the beachheads were evacuated in a series of successful ruses.
Despite Gallipoli rightly becoming a national source of pride to Australians and New Zealanders, far more British casualties were sustained, and these days the substantial French contribution is almost forgotten.
|Type||Lodge Name and No.||Province/District :|
|Mother :||Isaac Newton University No. 859 E.C.||Cambridgeshire|
|Joined :||Grecia No. 1105 E.C.||London|
24th November 1908
2nd March 1909
This entry was originally for Clifford Whatley Crewe but there are no records for him in Grecia register. However, there did exist the name "Crewe" but as a Forename for Coles, who is listed as having been "Killed in Action June 1915" Crewe Coles joined Grecia Lodge from Isaac Newton Lodge No. 859 on the 7th April 1914 and probably resigned around 1910.
The project globally acknowledges the following as sources of information for research across the whole database:
- The Commonwealth War Graves Commission
- The (UK) National Archives
- Ancestry.co.uk - Genealogy, Family Trees & Family History online
- ugle.org.uk - The records of the United Grand Lodge of England including the Library and Museum of Freemasonry
Researcher : Bruce Littley