|1. Memorial:||Thiepval Memorial||Pier & Face 3C & 4A. Picardie|
|2. Book:||The (1921) Masonic Roll of Honour 1914-1918|
Awards & Titles:
Family :Born around Wandsworth/Clapham, son of the late Daniel Munchie Hunter and Mary Hunter; husband of Cecilia. E. F. Hunter, a Brazilian, of 33, St. George's Rd., Kilburn, London. Spent his early days at 33 Swan Lane, Southwark, but in the pre-war period was employed as an auctioneer surveyor. In 1911, both Archibald and Cecilia were living in 10 Brondesbury Villas, Kilburn.
- The First World War 1914-1918, World-wide.
|Unit :||14th Battalion, The Cheshire Regiment|
|Attached :||9th Battalion, The Cheshire Regiment|
|Action :||The Battles of the Somme 1916|
Chester Chronicle 22nd July 1916 " OFFICIALLY REPORTED KILLED. The official list of killed on Saturday included [...] Sec. Lieut. A. Hunter [...] all of the Cheshire Regiment."
Probate HUNTER Archibald of 33 St. George's-road St. Pancras Middlesex second lieutenant H.M. 9th Cheshire regiment died 2 July 1916 in France Probate London 24 August to James John Pamflett insurance official. Effects £222 13s. 5d.
The Battle of the Somme 1st July - 18th November 1916 is inevitably characterised by the appalling casualties (60,000) on the first day, July 1st 1916. Having failed to break through the German lines in force, and also failed to maximise opportunities where success was achieved, the battle became a series of attritional assaults on well defended defence in depth. The battle continued officially until 18th November 1916 costing almost 500,000 British casualties. German casualties were about the same, and French about 200,000. The Somme could not be counted a success in terms of ground gained or the cost, but it had a strategic impact as it marked the start of the decline of the German Army. Never again would it be as effective whilst the British Army, learning from its experience eventually grew stronger to become a war winning army. The German High Command recognised that it could never again fight another Somme, a view that advanced the decision to invoke unrestricted submarine warfare in an attempt to starve Britain of food and material, and in doing so accelerated the United States declaration of war thus guaranteeing the eventual outcome. 287 Brethren were killed on the Somme in 1916.
|Type||Lodge Name and No.||Province/District :|
|Mother :||William Preston No. 766 E.C.||London|
6th November 1913
22nd January 1914
26th March 1914
The contribution record of the Lodge at the United Grand Lodge of England shows war service and "Killed in Action 2.7.16."
The project globally acknowledges the following as sources of information for research across the whole database:
- The Commonwealth War Graves Commission
- The (UK) National Archives
- Ancestry.co.uk - Genealogy, Family Trees & Family History online
- ugle.org.uk - The records of the United Grand Lodge of England including the Library and Museum of Freemasonry
Document : 1933 - Masonic Roll of Honour - Freemasons' Hall Vestibule - United Grand Lodge of England