1. Memorial:Heilly Station Cemetery, Mericourt-L'AbbeIV. F. 16.
2. Website:Comrades Lodge No. 2976.

Awards & Titles:


Family :

Born 6th August 1871 at Turriff, Aberdeenshire and was the son of Mr. and Mrs. Alexander Lawrence, of 7, Crook O' Ness Street, Macduff, Banffshire. Married Jeanie Lawrence nee Laughlin 18th September 1903 at Hillside St. Edinburgh. They had no children.

Service Life:


Unit / Ship / Est.: 10/The Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regiment) 

10th (Service) Battalion (Battersea) ormed at Battersea on 3 June 1915 by the Mayor and Borough of Battersea. June 1915 : attached to 124th Brigade, 41st Division. 16 May 1918 : reduced to cadre strength after suffering heavy casualties. 17 May 1918 : attached to 39th Division. 14 August 1918 : disbanded in France.

Action : The Battles of the Somme 1916 

The Battle of the Somme 1st July - 18th November 1916 is inevitably characterised by the appalling casualties (60,000) on the first day, July 1st 1916. Having failed to break through the German lines in force, and also failed to maximise opportunities where success was achieved, the battle became a series of attritional assaults on well defended defence in depth. The battle continued officially until 18th November 1916 costing almost 500,000 British casualties. German casualties were about the same, and French about 200,000. The Somme could not be counted a success in terms of ground gained or the cost, but it had a strategic impact as it marked the start of the decline of the German Army. Never again would it be as effective whilst the British Army, learning from its experience eventually grew stronger to become a war winning army. The German High Command recognised that it could never again fight another Somme, a view that advanced the decision to invoke unrestricted submarine warfare in an attempt to starve Britain of food and material, and in doing so accelerated the United States declaration of war thus guaranteeing the eventual outcome. 287 Brethren were killed on the Somme in 1916.

Joined up aged 19 1/2 on 6th Feb 91 and joined 1st Battalion The Gordon Highlanders. Promotions Lance Corporal 22.2.93, Corporal 6.11.95, Sergeant 27.7.01, Colour Sergeant 23.7.03, Quarter Master Sergeant 1.7.07, Sergeant Major 20.2.10. Permitted to continue service beyond 21 years 19.4.10, then promoted 2nd Lieutenant 1.10.14, Lieutenant 25.1.15. Temporary Captain 25.8.15 He was attached to 10th (Service) Battalion (Battersea) The Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regiment) where he served as temporary Captain and their Adjutant. His medal roll shows that he was awarded the India Medal, Queen's South Africa Medal, King's South Africa Medal, Long Service & Good Conduct (posthumous) and the Coronation Medal 1911. Clasps include the Relief of Chitral, Punjab Frontier, Tirah, & Paardeberg Duifontein Army Transvaal 1901-1902.

Captain Lawrence was wounded between 14-19 November 1914 as a 2Lt, but survived. His records show that he received a gun shot wound to the head and died of wounds on Tuesday, 19th September 1916 whilst in the service of his King and his Country. He is respectfully buried in Heilly Station Cemetery, Mericourt-L'Abbe, Somme, France (Plot IV, Row F, Grave 16). His estate totalled £582 and was willed to his wife who by this time had moved to 7 Herriot Hill Terrace, Edinburgh. Mrs Lawrence had wrote to Alexander's parents, but it would seem that they were not clear with this (about the death). A sad letter to the Records Office shows that her 3 sons were in the service of the King and two had now been wounded. She wished to know that Alexander did not suffer. There is the undertone that the parents may have believed that they were entitled to the estate and wrote to the War Office and to their MP to attempt to sort this out. The rules, however, are clear and Jeanie Alexander is the rightful recipient to the estate.

Masonic :

TypeLodge Name and No.Province/District :
Mother : A Scottish Lodge No. 0 S.C.Scottish Constitution
Joined : Aldershot Camp No. 1331 E.C. Hampshire & IOW
Joined : Comrades Lodge No. 2976 E.C. Essex

13th May 1908

His earliest recording into Freemasonry was Lodge No. 832 (Scottish Constitution), however, limited details are known. He joined Aldershot Camp Lodge No. 1331 on 13th May 1908 and his membership ceased there on 31st December 1912. He is listed as number 244 in the register as a joining member into Comrades Lodge 2976 on 20th February 1911, and the Minutes record him as being balloted for on Page 126. Aged 39, he is stated to be a Sergeant Major with the Gordon Highlanders stationed at Goojerat Barracks. There is an annotation that he was "Struck off" Comrades Lodge 30th September 1920, which leads to the immediate question of how can this be if he died on September 9th 1916.

Source :

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Additional Source:

Last Updated: 2019-07-21 12:44:24