|1. Memorial:||Thiepval Memorial||Pier and Face 4 C. Picardie|
|2. Book:||The (1921) Masonic Roll of Honour 1914-1918||Pg.133|
Awards & Titles:
- The First World War 1914-1918, World-wide.
|Unit :||2nd Regiment South African Infantry|
|Action :||The Battles of the Somme 1916|
The Battle of the Somme 1st July - 18th November 1916 is inevitably characterised by the appalling casualties (60,000) on the first day, July 1st 1916. Having failed to break through the German lines in force, and also failed to maximise opportunities where success was achieved, the battle became a series of attritional assaults on well defended defence in depth. The battle continued officially until 18th November 1916 costing almost 500,000 British casualties. German casualties were about the same, and French about 200,000. The Somme could not be counted a success in terms of ground gained or the cost, but it had a strategic impact as it marked the start of the decline of the German Army. Never again would it be as effective whilst the British Army, learning from its experience eventually grew stronger to become a war winning army. The German High Command recognised that it could never again fight another Somme, a view that advanced the decision to invoke unrestricted submarine warfare in an attempt to starve Britain of food and material, and in doing so accelerated the United States declaration of war thus guaranteeing the eventual outcome. 287 Brethren were killed on the Somme in 1916.
|Type||Lodge Name and No.||Province/District :|
|Mother :||White Hope No. 1939 E.C.||South Africa (Eastern)|
The book, Masonic Roll of Honour 1921, shows an entry for Austen E. Rampf, who is Treasurer and a Lieutenant. A record entry in the contribution ledger shows two "Rampfs" but none under "Austen E" (although one is named William Arthur Austen". The Commonwealth War Graves do show that a 2nd Lieutenant Austen Rampf died on the day stated and is commemorated at Thiepval.
The project globally acknowledges the following as sources of information for research across the whole database:
- The Commonwealth War Graves Commission
- The (UK) National Archives
- Ancestry.co.uk - Genealogy, Family Trees & Family History online
- ugle.org.uk - The records of the United Grand Lodge of England including the Library and Museum of Freemasonry
- Founder Researchers : Paul Masters & Mike McCarthy
- Researcher : Bruce Littley