|Memorial .||Pozieres British Cemetery, Ovillers-La Boisselle||III. D. 43.|
Awards & Titles:
At present we have been unable to find any substantial information on this Brother beyond that offered by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.
Family :Son of the Right Rev. Bishop of Crediton and Mrs. Trefusis, of The Gate House, 10, The Close, Exeter; husband of Alice Marjorie Trefusis (nee Angel). Born at Chittlehampton, Devon. Also served in Egypt.
Action : The Battles of the Somme 1916
Roll of Honour for Exeter's World War One Dead Cathedral Close TREFUSIS, Captain, Arthur Owen, The Loyal North Lancashire Regiment. 7 July 1916. Age 32. Son of the Right Rev. Bishop of Crediton and Mrs. Trefusis, of The Gate House, 10, The Close ALSO BROTHER KILLED: TREFUSIS, Captain, Haworth Walter, Northamptonshire Regiment. 7 November 1916. Age 34. Son of the Right Rev. Robert Edward Trefusis, Bishop of Crediton, and of Mrs. Trefusis, of The Gate House
Captain (TP) Arthur Owen TREFUSIS Loyal North Lancashire Regiment 9th Battalion The son of The Rt Revd Bishop of Crediton and Mrs Trefusis of ?The Gate House? 10 The Close Exeter. He was born at Chittlehampton Devon. A member of St John the Baptist Lodge No. 39 Province of Devon he was a PDistGSteward (Ceylon) and served in Egypt. The husband of Alice Marjorie Trefusis (nee Angel) he was killed in action on the 7th July 1916 aged 32 and is buried in Pozieres British Cemetery Ovillers-la Boisselle France Grave Reference III.D.43 His Brother Captain Haworth Walter Trefusis Northamptonshire Regiment 1st Battalion was killed in action on the 7th November 1916 aged 34 and is buried in A.I.F. Burial Ground Flers Somme France
The Battle of the Somme 1st July - 18th November 1916 is inevitably characterised by the appalling casualties (60,000) on the first day, July 1st 1916. Having failed to break through the German lines in force, and also failed to maximise opportunities where success was achieved, the battle became a series of attritional assaults on well defended defence in depth. The battle continued officially until 18th November 1916 costing almost 500,000 British casualties. German casualties were about the same, and French about 200,000. The Somme could not be counted a success in terms of ground gained or the cost, but it had a strategic impact as it marked the start of the decline of the German Army. Never again would it be as effective whilst the British Army, learning from its experience eventually grew stronger to become a war winning army. The German High Command recognised that it could never again fight another Somme, a view that advanced the decision to invoke unrestricted submarine warfare in an attempt to starve Britain of food and material, and in doing so accelerated the United States declaration of war thus guaranteeing the eventual outcome. 287 Brethren were killed on the Somme in 1916.
|Type||Lodge Name and No.||Province/District :|
|Mother :||St John the Baptist No. 39 E.C.||Devonshire|
|Joined :||Kurunegala No. 3629 E.C.||Sri Lanka|
|Joined :||St John's Lodge of Colombo No. 454 E.C.||Sri Lanka|
25th November 1909
30th December 1909
27th January 1910
His mother lodge was St. Johns Lodge in Exeter and was a member when he was killed in action. He joined St. John's Lodge of Colombo No. 454 on August 20, 1910 and further joined Kurunegala Lodge as a Petitioner and Founder on 21st October 1912 (warrant date) and is recorded as its first Worshipful Master.
He was promoted in Ceylon to DG Steward.
The project globally acknowledges the following as sources of information for research across the whole database:
- The Commonwealth War Graves Commission
- The (UK) National Archives
- Ancestry.co.uk - Genealogy, Family Trees & Family History online
- ugle.org.uk - The records of the United Grand Lodge of England including the Library and Museum of Freemasonry
- Book : 1921 - Masonic Roll of Honour 1914-1918 - Oxford University Press
- Document : 1933 - Masonic Roll of Honour - Freemasons' Hall Vestibule - United Grand Lodge of England