|1. Memorial:||Pozieres British Cemetery, Ovillers-La Boisselle||III. D. 43.|
|2. Book:||The Masonic Roll of Honour 1914-1918|
Awards & Titles:
Family :Son of the Right Rev. Bishop of Crediton and Mrs. Trefusis, of The Gate House, 10, The Close, Exeter; husband of Alice Marjorie Trefusis (nee Angel). Born at Chittlehampton, Devon. Also served in Egypt.
His Brother Captain Haworth Walter Trefusis Northamptonshire Regiment 1st Battalion was killed in action on the 7th November 1916 aged 34 and is buried in A.I.F. Burial Ground Flers Somme France .
Attended Kelly College, near Tavistock in Devon and was also a pupil at Sir William Borlase’s Grammar School in Marlow from 1893-1899.
- The First World War 1914-1918, World-wide.
|Unit :||9th Battalion, The Loyal North Lancashire Regiment|
|Action :||The Battles of the Somme 1916|
Prior to the outbreak of war he was working in Ceylon as a Rubber Planter, and joined the Ceylon Planters Rifle Corps on 17 November 1914. The Corps was a volunteer reserve regiment based in Kandy, which mobilised in October 1914, initially serving in Egypt. Arthur served as Command Sergeant Major in Egypt with the Ceylon Regiment. It is more than likely that he was given a commission in the 9th (Service) Battalion of the North Lancashire Regiment, where he served as a Captain.
Roll of Honour for Exeter's World War One Dead Cathedral Close TREFUSIS, Captain, Arthur Owen, The Loyal North Lancashire Regiment. 7 July 1916. Age 32. Son of the Right Rev. Bishop of Crediton and Mrs. Trefusis, of The Gate House, 10, The Close ALSO BROTHER KILLED: TREFUSIS, Captain, Haworth Walter, Northamptonshire Regiment. 7 November 1916. Age 34. Son of the Right Rev. Robert Edward Trefusis, Bishop of Crediton, and of Mrs. Trefusis, of The Gate House
Captain (TP) Arthur Owen TREFUSIS Loyal North Lancashire Regiment 9th Battalion. He was killed in action on the 7th July 1916 aged 32 and is buried in Pozieres British Cemetery Ovillers-la Boisselle France Grave Reference III.D.43
Taunton Courier, and Western Advertiser 19 July 1916 "The REV. F. M TREFUSIS, C.F., BEREAVED - Tauntonians will regret to learn of the death in action of Captain Arthur Owen Trefusis, of the Loyal North Lancashire Regiment, a brother of the Rev. F.M. Trefusis, formerly of St. Andrew's Church and King's College, and now a chaplain in the Foraces. the fact that Captain Trefusis was only married in January adds greatly to the sadness of his death. Since he obtained his commission he had made rapid strides in the profession of arms, and received two additional stars since his marriage. His wife, whom he came straight from the trenches to marry in Exeter Cathedral, was Miss Alice Marjorie Spicer, second daughter of the Rev. Angel Spicer. Captian Trefusis was 32 years old. He was educated at Malvern, and was for about ten years in the mercantile marine. He then went to Ceylon, and was engaged in rubber planting. At the outbreak of war he came over with the Ceylon Planters' Contingent in which he held the rank of sergeant-major. He enlisted in the Loyal North Lancashire Regiment and given a commission in February, 1915. He was gazetted captain within a few days of his marriage."
See also: Buckinghamshire Remembers.
The Battle of the Somme 1st July - 18th November 1916 is inevitably characterised by the appalling casualties (60,000) on the first day, July 1st 1916. Having failed to break through the German lines in force, and also failed to maximise opportunities where success was achieved, the battle became a series of attritional assaults on well defended defence in depth. The battle continued officially until 18th November 1916 costing almost 500,000 British casualties. German casualties were about the same, and French about 200,000. The Somme could not be counted a success in terms of ground gained or the cost, but it had a strategic impact as it marked the start of the decline of the German Army. Never again would it be as effective whilst the British Army, learning from its experience eventually grew stronger to become a war winning army. The German High Command recognised that it could never again fight another Somme, a view that advanced the decision to invoke unrestricted submarine warfare in an attempt to starve Britain of food and material, and in doing so accelerated the United States declaration of war thus guaranteeing the eventual outcome. 287 Brethren were killed on the Somme in 1916.
|Type||Lodge Name and No.||Province/District :|
|Mother :||St John the Baptist No. 39 E.C.||Devonshire|
|Joined :||Kurunegala No. 3629 E.C.||Sri Lanka|
|Joined :||St John's Lodge of Colombo No. 454 E.C.||Sri Lanka|
25th November 1909
30th December 1909
27th January 1910
His mother lodge was St. John the Baptist Lodge No. 39 in Exeter and was a member when he was killed in action. He joined St. John's Lodge of Colombo No. 454 on August 20, 1910 and further joined Kurunegala Lodge as a Petitioner and Founder on 21st October 1912 (warrant date) and is recorded as its first Worshipful Master.
He was promoted in Ceylon to District Grand Steward.
The project globally acknowledges the following as sources of information for research across the whole database:
- The Commonwealth War Graves Commission
- The (UK) National Archives
- Ancestry.co.uk - Genealogy, Family Trees & Family History online
- ugle.org.uk - The records of the United Grand Lodge of England including the Library and Museum of Freemasonry
Document : 1933 - Masonic Roll of Honour - Freemasons' Hall Vestibule - United Grand Lodge of England Researcher : Bruce Littley