|Memorial .||Loos Memorial||Panel 130 to 135.||Loss|
Awards & Titles:
Barrister-at-Law, of Gray's Inn, London.
Family :Son of Ada Tremearne, of Melbourne, Australia, and the late John Tremearne. M.R.C.S. (England); husband of Mary Tremearne, of Tudor House, Blackheath Park, London. ,
Education & Career :M.A., Christ's College (Cambridge), LL.M., M.Sc. Barrister-at-Law, of Gray's Inn, London.
Unit : 8/Seaforth Highlanders
Arthur John Newman TREMEARNE, known under the acronym AJN Tremearne, (born 1877 in Melbourne) was a British Major, ethnologist and African researcher. He wrote important ethnographic works on the inhabitants of northern Nigeria and the Hausa. At Loos the 8/Seaforths were in the first wave and left their trenches near to the Lens Road redoubt and made good progress towards Loos village. The passed through the German second line and moved towards Hill 70, the Divisional objective. Unfortunately as battalions moved through Loos they became very confused and the momentum and direction of the attack stalled. The amalgamated groups from 44th and 46th Brigades moved up and over Hill 70 resembling a mob rather than a cohesive force and inevitably the Germans were able to counter attack and hold the important Hill 70 Redoubt that dominated the approaches. The Official History states that the CO of the 8/Seaforths was killed as the battalion moved towards Hill 70 and that his second in command (who we believe to be Major TREMEARNE) was killed soon after. Arthur TREMEARNE was the Junior Deacon in his lodge. He was by profession a barrister and was educated at Christ's College (Cambridge). A photo of him appeared in the Illustrated London News Oct 23 1915. Sources; Official History Military Operations France & Belgium 1915 Vol II. Hausa Superstitions and Customs: an Introduction to the Folk-Lore and the Folk (Library of African Study) by Tremearne, Major A.J.N. Published 1913 Ban of the Bori:Demons and Demon Dancing in West and North Africa by Tremearne, Major A.J.N Published 1914
"The Battle of Loos (25 September to 18 October 1915) was the major battle on the Western Front in 1915, surpassing in every respect all that had gone before in terms of numbers of men and materiel committed to battle. The preliminary bombardment was the most violent to date and the battle was charaterised by the committment of Regular and Territorial battalions on a large scale, in which the Territorials performed just as well as the Regulars. As the battles on the Western Front in 1915 increased in size and violence, so the casualties increased in proportion: Neuve Chapelle 12,000, Aubers Ridge/Festubert 29,000 , Loos 60,000. 1916 was to take the casualty cost to another level. Loos was intended as a minor role in support of French efforts around Arras but circumstances reduced the French effort. It marked the first use of poison gas by the British. Once the initial assualt had failed the battle continued in a series of actions mostly focused on the northern sector around the tactically important Hohenzollern Redoubt."
|Type||Lodge Name and No.||Province/District :|
|Mother :||St Paul's No. 2277 E.C.||Cyprus|
|Joined :||Royal Colonial Institute No. 3556 E.C.||London|
Arthur was a Petitioner and Founder member of the Royal Colonial Institute Lodge No. 3556, warranted 23rd October 1911. His previous lodge was recorded as No. 2277, but the listing in UGLE's records is proving elusive.
The project globally acknowledges the following as sources of information for research across the whole database:
- The Commonwealth War Graves Commission
- The (UK) National Archives
- Ancestry.co.uk - Genealogy, Family Trees & Family History online
- ugle.org.uk - The records of the United Grand Lodge of England including the Library and Museum of Freemasonry
- Book : 1921 - Masonic Roll of Honour 1914-1918 - Oxford University Press
- Document : 1933 - Masonic Roll of Honour - Freemasons' Hall Vestibule - United Grand Lodge of England