|1. Book:||Beyond The Five Points||Pgs 114-116|
Awards & Titles:
|Victoria Cross |
Early Life :Born in Umballa, India, Roberts attended Eton College and joined the British Army soon after completing his studies. As the son of Field Marshal Frederick Roberts, 1st Earl Roberts, one of the greatest commanders of the Victorian era, he followed his father into the army and, after the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, he was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the King's Royal Rifle Corps on 10 June 1891. After joining the army he was soon involved in action, fighting in the Waziristan Expedition in 1894 and 1895, where he was Mentioned in Despatches. He came to the attention of senior officers for his effective leadership. In 1898 he took part in the Nile Expedition following which he was promoted lieutenant, and awarded Order of Meijidieh, Fourth Class from the Ottoman Empire.
Family :The son of Earl Roberts of Kandahar
- The Second Anglo-Boer War 1899-1902, South Africa.
|Unit / Ship / Est.:|
On 15 December 1899 at the Battle of Colenso, South Africa, Roberts, with several others, tried to save the guns of the 14th and 66th Batteries, Royal Field Artillery, when the detachments serving the guns had all become casualties or been driven from their guns. Some of the horses and drivers were sheltering in a donga, a dried watercourse, about 500 yards behind the guns and the intervening space was swept with shell and rifle fire. Roberts with two other officers (Walter Norris Congreve and Harry Norton Schofield) and Corporal George Edward Nurse helped to hook a team into a limber and then to limber up a gun. While doing so, he fell badly wounded and two days later died of his wounds at Chieveley, Natal. The action was observed by the Commander-in-Chief, Redvers Buller, who recommended Roberts for the VC in a despatch written on 16 December, before Roberts had died from his wounds.
Confirmation of the award was made on 2 February 1900, the citation reading:
War Office, February 2, 1900.
Queen has been graciously pleased to signify Her intention to confer the decoration of the Victoria Cross on the undermentioned Officers and Non-Commissioned Officer, whose claims have been submitted for Her Majesty's approval, for their conspicuous bravery at the battle of Colenso, as stated against their names:—
The Rifle Brigade (The Prince Consort's Own) Captain W. N. Congreve
At Colenso on the 15th December, 1899, the detachments serving the guns of the 14th and 66th Batteries, Royal Field Artillery, had all been either killed, wounded, or driven from their guns by Infantry fire at close range, and the guns were deserted.
About 500 yards behind the guns was a donga in which some of the few horses and drivers left alive were sheltered. The intervening space was swept with shell and rifle fire.
Captain Congreve, Rifle Brigade, who was in the donga, assisted to hook a team into a limber, went out; and assisted to limber up a gun. Being wounded, he took shelter; but, seeing Lieutenant Roberts fall, badly wounded, he went out again and brought him in. Captain Congreve was shot through the leg, through the toe of his boot, grazed on the elbow and the shoulder, and his horse shot in three places.
Lieutenant the Honourable F. H. S. Roberts (since deceased). Lieutenant Roberts assisted Captain Congreve. He was wounded in three places.
Roberts and his father were one of only three father-son pairs to win the VC, his father having won it in 1858 for an action at Khudaganj during the Indian rebellion.
F.H.S. Robert's Victoria Cross is displayed at the National Army Museum in Chelsea, England.
|Type||Lodge Name and No.||Province/District :|
There has been historic debate as to whether F.H.S. Roberts V.C. was actually a Freemason. He is not recorded on the VC memorial at Freemasons Hall, Great Queen Street. In his book, Philip May records that, without any supporting notes, he was a member of the Aldershot Army & Navy Lodge No. 1971. See page 114 of Beyond the Five Points.
This is picked up by Michael Harrington, Eastwood, Essex in MQ Magazine Issue 12 p.38.: "Book on Mason VCs. In the letter `Boer War VCs', Alan Simpson said that he had been unable to ascertain if the younger Roberts had been a Mason. A book on Masonic winners of the VC and GC was published in 2001, written by Phillip May GC. On page 114 it states that Frederick Hugh Sherston Roberts VC had been a member of the Aldershot Army and Navy Lodge No. 1971."
A letter in response to this in MQ Magazine Iss.13 p.30 by Dr Roger Jago, Swallowfield, Berkshire expresses concern over the membership: " Lodge VC doubt: I would like to correct Michael Harrington’s assertion that Lt Frederick Hugh Sherston Roberts, who was awarded a VC at the Battle of Colenso in 1899, was a member of Aldershot Army and Navy Lodge, No. 1971. I am currently co-writing a history of the Lodge and can find no evidence that he was ever a member. The confusion may have arisen from the fact that his father was elected as an honorary member in 1902.
In other memos, it has been stated that researchers have contacted Aldershot Army and Navy Lodge to confirm his membership and told that his father, Lord Roberts VC, had been an Honorary Member of that Lodge, but the records did not list Hugh Sherston Roberts VC as having been a member.
The project globally acknowledges the following as sources of information for research across the whole database:
- The Commonwealth War Graves Commission
- The (UK) National Archives
- Ancestry.co.uk - Genealogy, Family Trees & Family History online
- ugle.org.uk - The records of the United Grand Lodge of England including the Library and Museum of Freemasonry
- Founder Researchers : Paul Masters & Mike McCarthy
- Researcher : Bruce Littley