Battle or Action:

The Battles of Ypres 1917 (Third Ypres, or Passchendaele)

  Detail :

 31 July - 10 November 1917. By the summer of 1917 the British Army was able for the first time to fight on its chosen ground on its terms. Having secured the southern ridges of Ypres at Messines in June, the main attack started on 31st July 1917 accompanied by what seemed like incessant heavy rain, which coupled with the artillery barrages conspired to turn much of the battlefield into a bog. Initial failure prompted changes in the high command and a strategy evolved to take the ring of ridges running across the Ypres salient in a series of 'bite and hold' operations, finally culminating in the capture of the most easterly ridge on which sat the infamous village of Passchendaele. The Official History carries the footnote ?The clerk power to investigate the exact losses was not available? but estimates of British casualties range from the official figure of 244,000 to almost 400,000. Within five months the Germans pushed the British back to the starting line, which was where they had been since May 1915.

 Rank Initials Surname Died Lodge
 Cpl. R. HORSFALL DCM 12-08-1917 Arlecdon No. 1660
 Lt. P.B. MCNALLY 13-08-1917 Canada No. 3527
 2Lt F.Y. PINE 15-08-1917 Manchester No. 179
 2Lt W.H. THIRLWELL MC 15-08-1917 Klang No. 3369
 Rfn. L.W. DANCEY 16-08-1917 Chaloner No. 2644
 2Lt A.E. DUFFIELD 16-08-1917 Inhabitants No. 153
 Capt. H.D. ECCLES 16-08-1917 Northern Light No. 1878
 2Lt H.W. GREEN 16-08-1917 Anderida No. 2434
Tyrian No. 1110
 Gnr. F. MADDOX 16-08-1917 St Michael's Temperance No. 3401
 Capt. G.V. NEAVE 16-08-1917 St John's Lodge of Colombo No. 454
 Lt.Col. A.C. PRATT DSO 16-08-1917 Lodge of Unity, Peace, and Concord No. 316
 Capt. J.B. RAWLINS 16-08-1917 Sancta Maria No. 2682
 2Lt S. SMILES 16-08-1917 Lodge Star of the South No. 1025
 Lt.Col. S.J. SOMERVILLE 16-08-1917 Golconda No. 3249
 2Lt C.R. EDSON 17-08-1917 St Erkenwald No. 2808
 Pte. F.D. ONSLOW 17-08-1917 Gundulph No. 1050
 Dvr. F.E. CARTER 19-08-1917 Comet No. 1680
 Pte. H.S. EWAN 21-08-1917 Warren No. 1276
 Pte. A. RICKARD 22-08-1917 Boscawen No. 699
 2Lt D.L.P.M. WHITMARSH 22-08-1917 Acacia No. 1309
 2Lt R.F. SAWYER 24-08-1917 Haven No. 2022
 2Lt C. BRANFOOT 25-08-1917 Smyth No. 2284
 Maj. T. WEEDING 26-08-1917 United Studholme Alliance No. 1591
 Cpl. W.H. WILSON 26-08-1917 St Michael's Temperance No. 3401
 2Lt T.W. HOOLEY 03-09-1917 Lodge of Friendship No. 44
 Pte. L.P. MARTIN 05-09-1917 Aldersbrook No. 2841
 Sgt. K. MACRAE 06-09-1917 De Grey and Ripon No. 837
 Pte. C. METCALFE 06-09-1917 Lumley No. 1893
 Capt. D. DAVIES 10-09-1917 Caradoc No. 1674
 Capt. A.B. CAMPBELL 13-09-1917 Old Cheltonian No. 3223

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